The soles of our feet must withstand all the pressure placed upon them during our lifetime by walking, running and standing. According to Foot Pain Info, there are 26 bones and associated ligaments in the foot, structured to allow the foot to function as a shock absorber and a lever. Foot pain can affect any part of the foot. Pain on the sole of the foot can be felt under the heel, in the middle of the foot under the arch and under the ball of the foot due to a variety of conditions. Plantar Fasciitis and Heels Spurs
Trauma whether acute or repeated on the foot is a great cause of foot pain The trauma is usually as a result of forces outside of the body either directly impacting the body or forcing the body into a position where a single or many forces result in damage of the body structure. Poor biomechanical bone alignment also causes pain in the foot. Tying shoes very tightly can also lead to the pain or even bruising at the top of the foot. Tendon injury known as Achilles tendonitis is also a cause of pain in feet. Long term effects could be corns, bunions and joint and nerve irritation.
Treatment for Calluses. Calluses protect the feet and often do not need to be treated, but if a callus causes pain, several treatments are effective. Sanding the callus with a pumice stone after bathing is very helpful. Soft cushions placed in the heel of the shoes or under the ball of the foot can help relieve pain. Specially fitted shoe inserts are also helpful. Liquid solutions or medicated pads treated with salicylic acid, the same chemical used to treat corns, are also effective in removing calluses (For precautions, see Corns, above ). If calluses are well-developed and cause pain, professional trimming is recommended.
Side of your foot pain may be accompanied by abnormal growths of tissue as well. This can occur on any part of the foot that is susceptible to abnormal pressure and agitation. When corns and calluses plague your foot due to over activity, this swells the area and produces pain at the site of damage. Shin Splints Shoes that are tight fitting will irritate these foot abnormalities leading to loss of function and possible even infections. Abnormal growths and foot deformations place pressure on the side of the foot, and cause it to rub against the side of shoes. This can cause quite intense side of foot pain
To get at the source of the problem, you have to give your arch some help and support. Try wearing an arch strapping This will add support to your arch. If the strapping does not provide enough relief, pick up some arch supports. You should be able to find them (probably by Dr. Scholls) at a drug store. They raise the arch and shift burden off the heel. By wearing these you also give the fascia a little slack - the arch doesn't have to stretch as far. If the strapping and the arch supports together are not enough, try adding heel pads.
An ideal way of relieving tired and achy feet is to massage them. The soft movement of the muscle fibers opens up the flow of blood to the region. Massage also brings healing, oxygen-rich blood into the affected foot. Once muscles are relaxed, aggravated nerves can begin to decrease how often they are firing and pain relief results. If nerve endings and muscles are particularly irritated by a certain pair of shoes or an activity, swelling will be present. In that case, it is advised to use ice packs or frozen vegetables to decrease inflammation.
If you had been standing all day or had walked around in high heels, then the foot pain that you might be experiencing could be due to overworked foot muscles.The best home remedy for tired and achy feet is to soak them in warm water. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salt and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. The warm water will help in soothing achy feet muscles and it will relax and rejuvenate you. This is one of the best natural remedies for foot pain and is useful for foot pain that is caused due to fatigue.